Ethiopia and Tigray agree a truce
After 10 days of peace talks in South Africa, the Ethiopian government and forces in the northern Tigray region agreed to what they called “a permanent cessation of hostilities” in a brutal civil war that has lasted two years, displaced more than two million people and resulted in the deaths of as many as 500,000 people and widespread suffering.
The surprise deal came a day before the second anniversary of the start of the war. On November 3, 2020, Abiy Ahmed, Ethiopian Prime Minister and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, announced what he called a “law and order” operation against Tigrayan political leaders who had challenged his authority. The civil war recently escalated when Ethiopian troops, along with forces from Eritrea, claimed territory in Tigray.
The agreement signed yesterday outlines a plan to allow humanitarian access to Tigray, where electricity, banking and other vital services have been cut for more than 16 months. The agreement also contains provisions to reintegrate the Tigray regional government into the central government.
Analysis: “This cessation of hostilities agreement is an important step and brings much-needed respite to those devastated by the two-year civil war,” said Abdi Latif Dahir, Times East Africa Correspondent. . “But this is not the end point, and both sides will have to do a lot of work and overcome mistrust to ensure that a permanent peace is achieved.”
North Korea accused of shipping weapons to Russia
The United States has accused North Korea of secretly shipping a “significant number” of artillery shells to Russia to help in its war in Ukraine, a sign that Moscow is increasingly turning to the Pariah states for military supplies as the conflict continues. It was unclear if the artillery munitions had reached Russia, said White House national security spokesman John Kirby.
“We’ll be monitoring to see if shipments are being received,” Kirby said. “Our information indicates that they are trying to obscure the method of supply by routing them to other countries in the Middle East and North Africa.” In September, North Korea said it had never supplied arms or ammunition to Russia and had no plans to do so.
The United States believes that the weapons will not change the tide of the war and that Ukraine will continue to have the ability to defend itself if North Korean munitions reach Russia. The United States is also concerned that Iran may also send drones and surface-to-surface missiles to Russia.
As Netanyahu nears victory, Israel’s far right celebrates
Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel’s former and likely future prime minister, has taken an almost insurmountable lead in Israel’s elections, even as officials delayed calling the election until all the votes had been counted. His once fringe far-right allies have already begun to celebrate: the result puts their extreme ideologies at the heart of Israel’s political system. Read five takeaways from the election.
An alliance of two ultra-nationalist religious parties, Jewish Power and Religious Zionism, will form the third-largest bloc in Israel’s next parliament, giving the far right newfound power, influence and respectability. Netanyahu’s party, Likud, once shunned the ideological antecedent of Jewish power. Today, he will most likely welcome party lawmakers into his government.
Both domestically and internationally, the integration of the far right into the Israeli government risks straining relations and potentially provoking a crisis. In the occupied West Bank, the alliance wants to accelerate Jewish colonization and remove any semblance of Palestinian autonomy. And in Israel, the bloc wants to overhaul the judicial system, give politicians greater control over judicial appointments and weaken the checks and balances for lawmakers.
Details: Religious Zionism leader Bezalel Smotrich, who has described himself as a ‘proud homophobe,’ says Jewish property developers shouldn’t have to sell homes to Arabs, backs separate maternity wards for Arab women and Jews. Itamar Ben-Gvir, the leader of Jewish Power, seeks to grant legal immunity to Israeli soldiers who fire on Palestinians.
THE LAST NEWS
Around the world
The Biden administration is mulling proposals to relocate Native American communities threatened by global warming, a potential model for the rest of the country.
But how should the government decide which places to help first? “That’s the toughest question,” said Bryan Newland, assistant secretary for Indian Affairs at the Home Office.
Related: The words “climate change” do not appear in middle or elementary school education standards in many US states. Some teachers are still finding ways to talk about it.
SPORTS NEWS FROM ATHLETIC
The stars align for Tiger and Rory: Steph Curry, Shohei Ohtani and Serena Williams are among new investors in Tiger Woods and Rory McIlroy’s new tech and sports venture, TMRW Sports. So what’s the appeal? More soon.
The NWSL title match got a prime time slot. The result was huge: The Portland Thorns’ 2-0 win over Kansas City Current in the championship game averaged a league-high 915,000 viewers on CBS. The next step ? Probably, a big payday in rights negotiations.
Premier League Most Improved Player: How former MLS player Miguel Almiron saw his career transformed by Eddie Howe at Newcastle United.
From the Times: Washington Commanders owner Daniel Snyder has hired bankers to explore selling the NFL team amid growing pressure from politicians and other team owners.
ARTS AND IDEAS
3 portraits of Smithsonian champions
New portraits of three famous women – tennis champions Serena and Venus Williams and filmmaker Ava DuVernay – will be on display at the Smithsonian’s National Portrait Gallery in Washington next week.
Each woman chose to collaborate with a rising black artist: DuVernay with Kenturah Davis; Serena Williams with Toyin Ojih Odutola; and Venus Williams with Robert Pruitt.
Venus Williams and Pruitt immediately bonded over her massive comic book collection on display. He used a photo she took of herself to construct a double-figure portrait of her, above. “It was really interesting to work with another voice involved in the process,” he said, a first for him.
DuVernay described being surprised, in a good way, when she saw the result of Davis’ work. “I’ve never seen anything like it myself – so big, so personal,” she said. “There’s a spirit moving between the two faces that feels revelatory.”
Ojih Odutola sought to reflect a sense of joy in his portrayal of Serena Williams. “I thought she was a mother, a sister, a daughter and how funny she is,” she said. The artist presented her with a broad, delighted smile, almost enveloped by vibrant green foliage encroaching from behind.