New reduction in housing tax, repairability index, branding of new bikes, APL, stamp price … A look back at the main changes on January 1, 2021.
As every year, January 1 will be accompanied by changes in the daily life of the French. France 24 takes stock.
The wealthiest 20% of households will start to see their housing tax decrease this year. Those who are paid monthly will see this drop of 30% from January. In 2023, no French will pay housing tax for their main residence.
Compensation of up to 1,500 euros a month for small businesses and self-employed workers affected by the Covid-19 crisis, regardless of their sector of activity, ends on December 31. The fund is now reserved for companies in the most penalized sectors (catering, leisure, etc.), with an increased amount.
The new air quality index now includes fine particles (PM2.5) with the four other regulated pollutants aggregated by the current index (PM10 particles, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide). At least at each intermunicipal level, the French will be able to know the quality of the air they breathe every day, from “good” to “extremely bad”.
Engie’s regulated gas sales tariffs increased by 0.2% on average.
- Electric charging stations
Owner or tenant households who install charging stations for electric vehicles in the parking space of their main residence will be able to benefit from a tax credit. This device capped at 300 euros and 75% of the cost of the installation, succeeds the energy transition tax credit (CITE).
Long denounced by employers, production taxes paid by companies have fallen by 10 billion euros, with the halving of the contribution on the added value of companies (CVAE), i.e. – 7 billion euros, and the reduction by half of property taxes (CFE) weighing on industrial sites (- 3.3 billion).
- New plastic products prohibited
Plastic straws, cutlery, stirrers, sandwich boxes, drink lids, balloon rods, confetti and steak sticks are prohibited. A period of six months is reserved for distributors to sell their stocks. Companies and public establishments will no longer be able to distribute plastic bottles.
A score out of 10 will be affixed on the products, their packaging or near the price. The goal is to achieve a 60% repair rate for electrical and electronic products. Five pilot products have been designated: washing machines, televisions, smartphones, laptops and lawn mowers.
Paper advertising on vehicles is prohibited.
Enlargement of the energy renovation device “my renovation premium” but a transitional device makes the quotes eligible from October 2020.
The auto penalty is increased for vehicles emitting the most CO2. The threshold for triggering the purchase penalty has been lowered to 133 gCO2 / km, compared to 138 currently.
The maximum purchase penalty goes from 20,000 to 30,000 euros for the most polluting vehicles, above 219 g CO2 / km. Buyers of electrics or hybrids, on the other hand, are favored by the extension of public aid until July 1, 2021, up to 7,000 euros for an electric car.
- Customs’ formalities
With Brexit, border controls between France and the United Kingdom, which is definitively leaving the Customs Union, have been re-established. Exporting companies will have to complete customs formalities, or even pay customs duties, as when they export products outside the European Union.
The unsold donation obligations are extended to wholesalers with a turnover of more than 50 million euros. Donation monitoring and quality control procedures become mandatory.
The reform of housing assistance (APL) must adapt the amount of housing assistance according to the beneficiary’s current income and no longer to those collected two years earlier. They will be calculated on the basis of his current income or, more precisely, of those earned in the previous twelve months with an update every three months.
The minimum wage will be increased by 0.99% on January 1 to reach 1,554.58 euros gross per month, an increase of 15 euros. This increase, which corresponds to the automatic revaluation of the minimum wage, will bring the gross hourly amount to 10.25 euros.
The last stage of the “100% health” reform started in 2019, entry-level devices (“class 1”) will be sold for 950 euros each and fully reimbursed by Social Security and complementary health insurance. For more sophisticated models (“class 2”), prices will remain free and reimbursement may vary from 400 to 1,700 euros.
Homeopathic specialties and preparations will no longer be covered by Health Insurance. Their repayment rate had already been lowered from 30% to 15% at the start of 2020.
New bicycles sold in stores must bear a “unique identifier”, to which the owner’s contact details will be attached, in order to fight against theft but also to find the owners when the bicycle reappears.
Mail rates will increase by 4.7% on average on January 1 and all regular stamps will now cost more than one euro.
The price of the green stamp – for a cover distributed within 48 hours in metropolitan France – for individuals will drop from 97 cents to 1.08 euros (+ 11.3%) and that of the red stamp – for a priority letter theoretically distributed on next day – from 1.16 to 1.28 euros (+ 10.3%). As for the “Ecopli” – the cheapest formula for a shipment in four days on average, with a gray stamp -, it will increase by 95 cents to 1.06 euro (+ 11.6%).