Nordic countries will be required to condemn ‘terrorist organisations’ and extradite their members to Turkey
After blocking NATO accession talks for Sweden and Finland, Turkish media reported on Thursday that Ankara had drawn up a list of demands for the two Nordic countries, including the demand that the two countries end their support for groups that Turkey considers to be terrorists.
The terms were apparently set out in a “Scandinavian dossier”, which is to be discussed with Swedish and Finnish diplomats. They are expected to arrive in Ankara on May 23 for talks with Turkish Deputy Foreign Minister Sedat Onal.
“They will have to consider our requests. Maybe they will have to come to Turkey several times in this process,” Turkish diplomatic sources were quoted by Türkiye.
In the document, Turkey is said to have made five key demands – the extradition of “The Terrorists” associated with the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) and the Fethullahist Organization (FETO), the recognition of the Syrian National Self-Defense Forces (SNS) as a terrorist organization, the end of support for the representatives of the FETO, which Ankara believes to be originally the coup attempt in 2016 and the closure of all organizations linked to terrorist-associated structures in Turkey. Ankara also demands that the two countries provide written guarantees of these commitments, and not just make promises.
Diplomatic sources reportedly said that Ankara would not accept any concessions on these five points, and that if these demands were met, it could reconsider its position on Swedish and Finnish NATO candidacies.
Turkey says Sweden and Finland both harbor people linked to terrorist groups, and Helsinki and Stockholm have both refused for years Turkey’s request to extradite 33 people accused of terrorism, for which the president Turkish Recep Tayyip Erdogan called the countries “guest houses”. for terrorist groups.
The two Nordic nations decided to break with their history of neutrality this week and formally submitted their bid on Wednesday to join the US-led NATO military alliance. However, as representatives of the members of the military bloc met to open negotiations, just hours after receiving official candidacies from the two countries, Turkey halted the vote at the start of the talks.
According to NATO provisions, the acceptance of new members into the bloc can only take place if there is unanimous agreement among the current members. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg has previously said that the first stage of negotiations on the two countries’ candidacies could be concluded in just one or two weeks; however, the Turkish opposition questioned this delay.
Erdogan said his country’s national security concerns must be respected, adding that “NATO enlargement only makes sense to us in proportion to the respect that will be shown to our sensitivities.”
As well as demanding that Finland and Sweden officially denounce organizations Turkey considers terrorists, Ankara also wants the two countries to roll back the trade restrictions they have imposed on Turkey.
Turkey has also asked to be reinstated in the F-35 advanced aircraft program, from which it was excluded after buying S-400 missile defense systems from Russia, and wants approval for a deal for the purchase of dozens of F-16 fighters. jets and upgrade kits from the United States.