Bergwijn was part of new manager Louis van Gaal’s first team in September, but missed the October international break due to injury and was not initially called up for this month’s game.
However, the 24-year-old is one of three players who have been called up to replace injuries, with goalkeeper Jasper Cillessen and Ajax teenager Devyne Rensch also called up.
The Dutch face Montenegro on Saturday night ahead of what appears to be decisive against Norway in Rotterdam next Tuesday.
Van Gaal’s side are currently two points ahead of the Norwegians at the top of Group G, with only the winners automatically qualifying for Qatar. Norway meet Latvia at home in their penultimate match.
Meanwhile, Manchester United midfielder Paul Pogba has been left out of France’s final qualifiers after limping from practice on Monday with a thigh injury.
The world champions will face Kazakhstan and Helsinki in their last two matches, knowing that a home victory over the former will qualify them to defend their title next year with one game to play.