Météo-France estimates that “2020 is the hottest year on record”. A new sign of global warming for the public meteorological establishment which is sounding the alarm.
Storms, historic rains, record drought, heat waves … After a succession of extreme weather events, 2020 will finally also be the hottest year on record in France.
“The refreshment at the end of the year will not have changed anything. It is now official: with an average value over the whole country reaching 14 ° C, the temperature for the year 2020 is the hottest ever recorded, ahead of 2018 (13.9 ° C) ”, Météo- France on Twitter.
🌡️ The refreshment at the end of the year will not have changed anything. It’s now official: With an average value across the country reaching 14 ° C, the temperature for 2020 is the hottest ever recorded, ahead of 2018 (13.9 °). https://t.co/KiWJvLuwVW
– Météo-France (@meteofrance) December 29, 2020
In mid-December, the organization had already estimated this record probable, still awaiting data for December to confirm it. Despite a “rather cool” start and end of December, the month ended up being rather mild on average, not allowing the trend to be reversed.
2020 thus ranks at the top of the podium ahead of 2018 and 2014, after a succession of extreme events having marked all the seasons. The year started off with a bang with a series of 12 storms from January 28 to March 5, including Ciara on February 10 which ranked among the 25 major storms of the past 40 years.
The summer was marked by a significant rainfall deficit, causing a new “severe agricultural drought” for 2020, as well as two heat waves. Their intensity was lower than the extraordinary heat waves of 2019 but the second in August was relatively long (8 days) with high night temperatures making it very difficult to recover.
In the fall, torrential rains fell on the south-east of the country during three extremely violent “Mediterranean episodes”, “even historic”, noted Météo-France. In particular, the “unprecedented” one that hit the Alpes-Maritimes on October 2, a side effect of the Alex storm which had just hit the west facade.
2020 definitely couldn’t end without one more bad news
Rainfall amounts of 150 to 500 mm in 24 hours were recorded, with locally more than 300 mm in 12 hours, causing significant damage, particularly in the Roya valley where the road network was partially destroyed.
“2020 could not end without one last bad news”, commented on Twitter Jean-François Julliard, director general of Greenpeace France. “An additional reason, if necessary, for determined and ambitious climate action”, he pleaded, while NGOs constantly criticize the government for not taking sufficiently radical measures.
2020 definitely couldn’t end without one more bad news 🙁
The year was the hottest on record in France.
One more reason, if any, for determined and ambitious climate action. https://t.co/5E6BZPvOBr
– JF Julliard (@jfjulliard) December 29, 2020
The 2015 Paris climate agreement plans to limit global warming to well below 2 ° C, if possible 1.5 ° C compared to the pre-industrial era, but greenhouse gas reduction commitments States’ greenhouse operations are still insufficient to achieve these goals. However, with more than 1.1 ° C gained over the past century, climatic disasters are already increasing across the planet.
The year 2020 saw an unprecedented succession of hurricanes in the United States and Central America, an exceptional monsoon in Asia, gigantic fires in Australia and North America, and even exceptional heat waves. And the World Meteorological Organization estimates that 2020 is set to be one of the three hottest years on record. Globally, the coming decade will also be the hottest on record, as will the six years since 2015.