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Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, the United States experienced a sharp increase in hate crimes. The attackers targeted those they believed to be Arab Muslims. The innocent victims included Balbir Singh Sodhi, an American-Sikh who wore a beard and turban and ran the family gas station in Mesa, Arizona.

His murder, four days after September 11, was the first racially motivated hate crime in the aftermath of the attacks. The BBC spoke to Balbir’s brother, and for the first time, to his son and the shooter.

Produced by Jatinder Dhillon, Shrai Popat and David Reimers