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Tanzania-Mozambique agreement for joint security and defense cooperation in the Daesh-aligned insurgency


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Tanzania-Mozambique agreement for joint security and defense cooperation in the Daesh-aligned insurgency

Tanzania-Mozambique agreement for joint security and defense cooperation in the Daesh-aligned insurgency

At a meeting Thursday in Maputo, the Mozambican capital, Presidents Samia Suluhu Hassan of Tanzania and Filipe Nyusi of Mozambique agreed on two memoranda… 22.09.2022, Sputnik International

2022-09-22T23:14+0000

2022-09-22T23:14+0000

2022-09-22T23:14+0000

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One memorandum of understanding provides for peace and security cooperation, while the other covers defense cooperation, according to AFP. They were signed by Defense Ministers Stergomena Tax of Tanzania and Cristovao Chume of Mozambique. At its peak, Al-Shabab controlled much of the province, including the port city of Mocimboa da Praia, and attacked the major city of Palma in April 2021. The group also launched cross-border raids, attacking the port Tanzanian from Mtwara, a major oil and gas export center just north of Cabo Delgado. Al-Shabab has since been routed from Cabo Delgado, but has retreated to the interior of the mainland, where it has regrouped. The war killed around 3,000 people and displaced more than 800,000. It also created a food crisis in the impoverished region, which created opportunities for corruption, including authorities who coerced needy women into having sex in exchange for food aid. Tanzanian shillings ($22.84 million) in 2020 to $46 billion ($19.82 million) in 2021, according to The East African. to strong networks and relationships that persist unbeknownst to the authorities. That’s why Suhulu and Nyusi also signed agreements on Thursday to boost trade and investment, energy, tourism and education, including starting the teaching of Swahili in Mozambican schools. The language is spoken throughout East Africa and is an official language in Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda, while being recognized as a minority language in Mozambique, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The agreements follow discussions on enhancing cooperation at the 15th Joint Permanent Commission on Cooperation (JPCC) between Tanzania and Mozambique last month. * Al-Shabab, Daesh (IS/ISIL/ISIS) – terrorist groups banned in Russia and many other countries.

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mozambique, tanzania, trade, security cooperation, daesh

mozambique, tanzania, trade, security cooperation, daesh

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At a meeting on Thursday in Maputo, the Mozambican capital, Presidents Samia Suluhu Hassan of Tanzania and Filipe Nyusi of Mozambique agreed to two memorandums of understanding, as well as a host of other bilateral agreements between the two countries. ‘East Africa.

One MoU provides for cooperation in peace and security, while the other covers cooperation in defence, according to AFP. They were signed by defense ministers Stergomena Tax of Tanzania and Cristovao Chume of Mozambique.

The memorandums of understanding aim to address ongoing security concerns along their mutual border, particularly by Islamist insurgents in Mozambique’s northernmost province of Cabo Delgado. The group known locally as Al-Shabab (“The Youth”), unrelated to the Somali group of the same name, has terrorized the province since 2017, although it was not until 2020 that it attracted attention outside of Mozambique when he pledged allegiance, at least formally, to Daesh.*

At its height, Al-Shabab controlled much of the province, including the port city of Mocimboa da Praia, and attacked the major city of Palma in April 2021. However, the group also launched cross-border raids, attacking The Tanzanian port of Mtwaraa major oil and gas export center just north of Cabo Delgado.

The situation led Nyusi to reluctantly ask for outside help, with its own army so crippled by budget cuts caused by International Monetary Fund (INF) loan restrictions that it was unable to manage the uprising itself. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) responded with a rapid reaction force, and Rwanda sent separately a force to be fought too. Maputo has also received help from the European Union, the United States and Portugal, the former colonial ruler, to train its troops, doctors and other personnel.

Al-Shabab has since been driven out of Cabo Delgado, but retreated to the interior of the mainland, where he got together. The war killed around 3,000 people and displaced more than 800,000. It also created a food crisis in the impoverished region, which created opportunities for corruption, including the authorities coercing needy women into having sex in exchange for food aid.

Fix bilateral trade

The situation has led to a steady decrease in cross-border trade, from 53 billion Tanzanian shillings ($22.84 million) in 2020 to 46 billion dollars ($19.82 million) in 2021, according to East Africa.
However, according to a report published in June by Turkey Anadolu Agency“Informal trade via porous border routes continues unabated in some areas thanks to strong networks and relationships that persist unbeknownst to authorities. »

“We encourage people to engage in legal affairs. They should not use the informal border crossings to bring their products,” Mariam Chaurembo, commissioner of Nanyumbu district in Tanzania, told Anadolu. “No one is allowed to do illegal business. Our law is very clear on that.

That is why Suhulu and Nyusi also signed agreements on Thursday to boost trade and investment, energy, tourism and education, including starting the teaching of Swahili in Mozambican schools. The language is spoken throughout East Africa and is an official language in Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda, while being recognized as a minority language in Mozambique, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

An embarrassing situation occurred during the Cabo Delgado war as Rwandan soldiers often had to translate between the Swahili-speaking inhabitants and the Mozambican troops, accentuating the alienation between the province and the rest of the country.

The agreements follow discussions on enhanced cooperation at the 15th Joint Permanent Commission on Cooperation (JPCC) between Tanzania and Mozambique last month.

“Over the past few years, we have collaborated on various issues. But now we want to boost the economy and strengthen partnerships in agriculture, natural gas and the blue economy, because Mozambique is doing well in these sectors. “, said Joseph SokoinePermanent Secretary of Tanzania for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and East African Cooperation, during the summit.

*Al-Shabab, Daesh (IS/ISIL/ISIS) – terrorist groups banned in Russia and many other countries.



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