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Head of State of the host country of a regional summit which has just brought together in Dushanbe, capital of Tajikistan, most of Afghanistan’s neighbors, Tajik President Emomali Rahmon made, Thursday, September 16, statements confirming that his country embodies that of radical hostility to the Taliban. Castigating the new masters of Kabul who have, since the installation of the “Islamic Emirate”, imposed a sharia [loi islamique ] medieval “, the strongman of this central Asian republic both Muslim and fiercely secular accused the Taliban of having “Abandoned their previous promises to form an inclusive government .

This year, Tajikistan held the rotating presidency of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), created just twenty years ago at the initiative of China and Russia to bring together the former Soviet republics of Central Asia into a multilateral regional alliance. The President of Tajikistan, ex-member of the Communist Party of the USSR reelected for the fifth time in a row in 2020 after winning 90% of the vote Soviet style, has presided over the destinies of an authoritarian regime for nearly twenty-nine years single party. Of all his CSO counterparts – the Kazakh, the Uzbek, the Kyrgyz, the Russian, the Chinese, the Pakistani, the Indian and the newest member of the Organization, the Iranian – Mr. Rahmon is the only one who was already in command in 1996, when the Taliban first seized power in Kabul. He is also the most virulent of his peers towards the Taliban.

Still displaying his closeness to his Tajik “cousins” from Afghanistan, the country’s second ethnic group with whom the inhabitants of Tajikistan share a common language and culture, President Rahmon predicted that over the next two or three years the imposition of extremist ideology in Afghanistan will intensify and the likelihood of such destructive ideas spreading into adjacent regions will multiply ”.

Contrasting speeches

If all the heads of state gathered in Dushanbe were worried about the possibility that Afghanistan would once again become a “den” of international terrorism, the content of the speeches that each of them gave at the end of the summit on Friday demonstrated certain differences in approach to the Afghan question. In contrast to the final condemnation of the new Taliban regime by Emomali Rahmon, the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Imran Khan, called on the international community not to “Demonize the Taliban “. Even if the leader of a country who was the main instigator of the creation of the movement of Religion students , in the mid-1990s, added that Afghanistan must not again embody a safe haven for terrorists ” and that the Taliban will in this regard “Keep their promises .

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