MADRID– Spain’s Socialist-led coalition government is planning a temporarily higher tax rate for the country’s top 1% from next year, on top of its windfall taxes on big energy companies and banks.
“We propose a redistribution of the effort, among those who have the most, to finance the welfare state, which belongs to everyone,” Socialist Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez said in a speech on Friday.
Finance Minister María Jesús Montero said the measure only targeted millionaires. The expected increase in tax revenue will be used to ease the hardship caused by rising energy and food prices, she said. The annual inflation rate jumped to 10.5% in Spain last month.
The exact increase and scope of the tax measure are still being worked out, the government says.
Junior socialist coalition partner Unidas Podemos (United We Can) is pushing for the new tax to become permanent.
The current top rate of income tax, for those earning more than 300,000 euros ($293,000) per year, is 47%. The highest capital gains tax is 26%.
However, regional governments have some leeway on taxation, and some of them led by the conservative People’s Party – the country’s main opposition party – have cut taxes, saying the move would spur growth .
A debate and vote by lawmakers on the government’s proposed windfall tax on businesses is expected in the coming weeks.