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Sahel issues discussed at Mediterranean Dialogues conference


https://sputniknews.com/20221203/sahels-problems-on-agenda-at-mediterranean-dialogues-conference-in-rome-1105004053.html

The problems of the Sahel on the agenda of the Conference of Mediterranean Dialogues in Rome

The problems of the Sahel on the agenda of the Conference of Mediterranean Dialogues in Rome

In this article, you will discover the problems of the Sahel that were discussed during the conference Mediterranean Dialogues

2022-12-03T14:27+0000

2022-12-03T14:27+0000

2022-12-03T14:27+0000

Africa

West Africa

mali

minusma

sahel region

terrorism

mediterranean dialogue forum (med)

2022 rome med – conference of mediterranean dialogues in rome

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The problems of the Sahel region took center stage in the Mediterranean Dialogues conference, which took place in Rome on 5 and 6 December. Conference participants paid particular attention to security in the region. Emanuela Del Re, EU Special Representative for the Sahel, in turn, expressed the view that the problem of terrorism in the region stems from “lack of access to basic services” and “the fact that people have no possibility of fulfilling themselves or finding a job is society”. On EU activities in the Sahel, Del Re called the EU the Sahel’s “most natural partner”, “responding to people’s aspirations”. The statement, however, comes amid growing dissatisfaction among Sahelian states with the activities of EU member states in the region. France is one of the European countries present in the Sahel to fight against terrorism for many years. Meanwhile, experts note that the security situation in the African region has not improved during his presence. In August, the Malian government accused France of helping terrorists on its soil instead of fighting them. In particular, Mali said it had “several pieces of evidence” that France had repeatedly violated the African country’s airspace “to gather intelligence for the benefit of terrorist groups operating in the Sahel and to drop weapons on them. arms and ammunition”. The same month, France completed the withdrawal of its troops from Mali, but that was not the end of the story. At the end of November, the Malian government banned the activities of all French non-governmental organizations operating in Mali, including non-governmental organizations operating in the humanitarian field. Mali is not the only country to be unhappy with France’s counterterrorism activities in Africa. . At the end of September, anti-French demonstrations took place in another Sahel country, Niger, where France relocated its troops, after withdrawing them from Mali. Besides France, which operates in the Sahel independently, many other European nations are present. in the region as part of the UN peacekeeping mission MINUSMA. However, in recent months, several European powers have announced their intention to withdraw their troops from the peacekeeping organization. Germany, in particular, announced last month that it would withdraw its troops from Mali earlier than planned in 2024. Similar statements have been made by several other European countries, such as the United Kingdom and Sweden. The withdrawal of European forces from Mali comes as protests demanding that MINUSMA leave the country continue, with some protesters accusing the organization of undermining Mali’s sovereignty. The Mediterranean Dialogues Conference is an annual event held in Rome and sponsored by Italy with the aim of analyzing and proposing solutions to regional and international problems.

https://sputniknews.com/20221007/why-the-sahel-is-turning-its-back-on-france–could-russia-solve-africas-security-dilemma-1101599125.html

https://sputniknews.com/20221125/la-france-a-ses-propres-interets-dans-le-sahel-ne-se-souie-pas-de-la-securite-des-maliens-selon-l- historian-1104672734.html

Africa

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sahel region

2022

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mediterranean dialogues, sahel security problem, terrorism in the sahel, eu representative on the sahel, anti-terrorist organizations in the sahel

mediterranean dialogues, sahel security problem, terrorism in the sahel, eu representative on the sahel, anti-terrorist organizations in the sahel

In recent years, terrorist attacks in the Sahel region of Africa have increased, with Mali, Niger, Chad, Nigeria and Burkina Faso recording the highest death toll.

The problems of the Sahel region took center stage in the Mediterranean Dialogues conference, which took place in Rome on 5 and 6 December.

Conference participants paid particular attention to security in the region.

“The Sahel today is notorious for the terrorist violence that has occurred over the past 10 years. Niger, my country, is located precisely between the territory of Mali and the basin of Lake Chad. This is why we are facing the two largest active terrorist epidemics in the world,” said Mohamed Bazoum, the President of Niger.

Emanuela Del Re, EU Special Representative for the Sahel, expressed the view that the problem of terrorism in the region stems from “the lack of access to basic services” and “from the fact that people ‘have no possibility of realizing themselves or finding a position in society’.

Speaking of EU activities in the Sahel, Del Re described the EU as “the most natural partners” of the Sahel, “responding to the aspirations of the people”. The statement, however, comes amid growing dissatisfaction among Sahelian states over the activities of EU member states in the region.

France has been one of the European countries present in the Sahel to fight against terrorism for many years. Meanwhile, experts note that the security situation in the African region has not improved during his presence.

Why is the Sahel turning its back on France and could Russia solve Africa’s security dilemma?
In August, the Malian government accused France of helping terrorists on its soil instead of fighting them. In particular, Mali said it had “several pieces of evidence” that France had repeatedly violated the African country’s airspace “to gather intelligence for the benefit of terrorist groups operating in the Sahel and to drop weapons on them. arms and ammunition”.
In the same month, France completed the withdrawal of its troops from Mali, but that was not the end of the story. At the end of November, the Malian government banned the activities of all French non-governmental organizations operating in Mali, including non-governmental organizations operating in the humanitarian field.

Mali is not the only country to be unhappy with France’s counter-terrorism activities in Africa. At the end of September, anti-French demonstrations took place in another Sahel country, Niger, where France relocated its troops, after withdrawing them from Mali.

French soldiers from Barkhane arriving from Gao, Mali, disembark a US Air Force C130 cargo plane at the base in Niamey, Niger, Wednesday, June 9, 2021, before returning to their bases in France.  - Sputnik International, 1920, 25.11.2022

France has its own interests in the Sahel, does not care about the safety of Malians, says historian
Besides France, which operates in the Sahel independently, many other European countries are present in the region as part of the UN peacekeeping mission MINUSMA. However, in recent months, several European powers have announced their intention to withdraw their troops from the peacekeeping organization.

Germany, in particular, announced last month that it would withdraw its troops from Mali earlier than planned in 2024. Similar statements have been made by several other European countries, such as the United Kingdom and Sweden.

The withdrawal of European forces from Mali comes as protests demanding that MINUSMA leave the country continue, with some protesters accusing the organization of undermining Mali’s sovereignty.

The Mediterranean Dialogues conference is an annual event organized in Rome and sponsored by Italy with the aim of analyzing and proposing solutions to regional and international problems.



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