“The leaders said they were satisfied that the construction of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline will soon be completed,” the Kremlin reported on July 21 in a press release, following a telephone interview between Russian President Vladimir Putin and German Chancellor Angela Merkel. He continued: “The Russian president underlined the constant commitment of the German side in the implementation of this project of an exclusively commercial nature, which aims to strengthen the energy security of Germany and the European Union”.
In addition, on a separate subject concerning the same energy issue, the Russian head of state and the head of the German government mentioned, according to the Kremlin, “the possibility of extending the agreement between Gazprom and the Ukrainian Naftogaz on transport of gas through Ukrainian territory after 2024 ”.
This Kremlin post follows the announcement of an agreement between Berlin and Washington, a long-time opponent of the Nord Stream 2 project.
German-American understanding about Nord Stream-2
The gas pipeline project linking Russia to Germany has been criticized for years by the United States: Washington regrets that it passes through the Baltic Sea and not through Ukraine and fears that it will thus deprive Kiev of a part of the revenue collected on transit and constitutes a means of pressure for Moscow.
However, on July 21, the United States announced that it had reached an agreement with the German government to end their dispute over this pipeline.
The agreement in question, which is to be presented in detail soon, includes the following provisions according to the number three of American diplomacy Victoria Nuland: on the one hand, joint support for the extension of the agreement on transit between the Russia and Ukraine which ends in 2024. On the other hand, according to statements by Nuland quoted by AFP: “If Russia were to attempt to use energy as a weapon or to commit other aggressive acts to with regard to Ukraine, Germany commits, in this agreement with us, to take measures at the national level, and to push for effective measures at the European level, including sanctions to limit the capacities of Russian exports to Europe in the energy sector. “