1 The oppositions arrive in force
After the “slap” of the June legislative elections, the macronists, who have melted from 345 to 250 deputies, are bitter and worried. They see some 150 elected officials from the Nupes land, including the mélenchonistes carrying “popular anger”, who promise to be “offensive”.
In terms of form, these deputies are shaking up the codes, multiplying on social networks and less willingly wearing ties and suits, which bristles some of their colleagues.
On the other side, Marine Le Pen chairs the largest far-right group in all of France’s history, with 89 deputies. They accede to key positions in the institution, like Sébastien Chenu and Hélène Laporte who become vice-presidents; display their “seriousness”; play the contrast with the “circus” imputed to the Nupes or the “melon” reproached to the majority… And proclaim themselves “the only real opposition”, even if their quest for respectability dilutes the radicalism which made the success of the RN.
2 Women in power
“How long and winding is the path to equality between men and women”: at 51, Yaël Braun-Pivet, still a novice in politics in 2017, climbs to the Perchoir on June 28. For the first time in the country, a woman is elected President of the National Assembly.
It is unprecedented: a woman also occupies Matignon, Élisabeth Borne, and another, the head of the majority group LREM (renamed Renaissance), Aurore Bergé. In addition, Marine Le Pen leads the RN group and Mathilde Panot, the LFI group. Small downside to this feminization: the proportion of women MPs has declined slightly since June, dropping to 37.3%.
3 Borne’s baptism of fire
First stormy session for the Prime Minister on July 6: Élisabeth Borne calls on the deputies to “build together” “compromises” to respond to economic or climatic challenges, in her general policy statement on which she does not ask for a vote of confidence. LFI and RN officials pinpoint a “leak” and a “provocation”, against a background of banging from the desk and invective.
A few days later, the Nupes defended – in vain – a motion of censure, presented rather as a “motion of no confidence”. A few Socialists defected, illustrating the line divisions to the left. Neither the RN group nor LR, which wants to judge the action of the new government on parts, vote for the motion. Heckling, peaks of tension and few concessions from the opposition: the whole sequence sets the scene for the term of office.
4 A restless night around the sanitary pass
First setback for the government: on the night of July 12 to 13, the coalition oppositions delete a key article from the first bill on the menu, which scheduled a possible return of the anti-covid health pass when entering France . “I will fight so that the spirit of responsibility prevails in the Senate”, assures the head of government.
But the Executive must fall back. The text finally adopted at the end of July provides for the simple possibility of imposing a negative covid screening test when boarding in the direction of French territory and for overseas trips. It was the right-wing dominated Senate that imposed its views.
5 Purchasing power laws adopted with forceps
The subject was at the heart of the last elections and the battle resumed even more fiercely in the hemicycle, for a three-week marathon with votes sometimes taking place at 4 or 6 a.m. At stake: 20 billion in expenses for an increase in pensions and allowances or the continuation of the fuel discount.
The left holds the trench to claim more than “crumbs” and to oppose the vision deemed “liberal” of the government. The elected RNs oscillate between votes for and abstention. Bruno Le Maire spares no effort and the two sections of measures are validated through compromises made with the LRs, who have become privileged partners. The majority note that a “new collective culture” is under construction, in a new era where Parliament is no longer a “registration room”.
Last bell Thursday: after final passes of arms, the faces are defeated. “Everyone needs a vacation in this hemicycle,” says the Minister of the Economy. Resumption of hostilities in October.
The agreement reached between parliamentarians on purchasing power measures is a triple victory:
Victory for the French who will be able to cope better with the increase in prices.
Victory of the politics of compromise.
Victory for the public finances which have been held. pic.twitter.com/ylcauE4IwD
— Bruno Le Maire (@BrunoLeMaire) August 4, 2022
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