Patent success, notes: here is the result of each Breton college – Bac, patent: are Breton colleges and high schools doing better than expected?
“The patent, everyone has it. The sentence is even more frequent than for the baccalaureate exam. However, it is not entirely accurate: in 2022, the success rate for the national patent diploma (DNB) reached 92% in Brittany, and 87.5% for the whole of France. Above all, behind this crushing rate are hidden disparities between students with learning difficulties and others. According to official statistics, half of school dropouts had an insufficient level when entering college.
This explains why the Ministry of National Education is publishing, for the first time, performance indicators for colleges. For each establishment, the success rate and the written test score are compared to the level expected for establishments with similar characteristics; there share of pupils going from 6th to 3rd (the access rate), which reflects the support effort, and the proportion of patent applications is also taken into account??.
The search form below allows you to find out what levels these indicators reach, high school by high school, and whether they represent better or worse results than expected:
Display issue ? Click here
Why these indicators? These “Indicators of added value for colleges” (Ivac) are published for the first time in 2023, but they are directly inspired by their equivalent for high schools, which has existed for about twenty years. The goal remains the same: to go beyond the raw success rate alone and measure the share of the establishment’s action in the results. A high success rate in the exam can indeed hide a socially more affluent public, or weak support for students in difficulty. The idea of these Ivacs is to offer another approach than just ranking results, taking into account the support effort that avoids dropping out of school.
What criteria are taken into account? For each establishment, the ministry compiles four indicators: the patent success rate; the average mark of the writings for the patent; the proportion of pupils who joined the establishment in 6th grade and who continued their entire education until 3rd grade; the proportion of ninth-grade pupils who passed the examination for the national patent diploma (DNB) overall.
What are these “expected rates” based on? To calculate the expected rate of success and grades, the ministry takes into account the social origin of the students, the girl-boy ratio, and the evaluations at the start of 6th grade that have been generalized for a few years. The Ministry then calculates what it designates as the establishment’s “added value”: the difference between the observed rate and the expected rate based on the initial characteristics. The expected rate is not communicated for the rate of access and the share of patent students.
Why are some rates missing? The Ministry of National Education only calculates expected rates when 6th grade assessments are available for at least three-quarters of patent candidates. In addition, only establishments with at least 30 students in the examination in the general series are the subject of a publication of the indicators.
Are these indicators indisputable? Like any classification based on general numerical criteria, biases and inaccuracies may exist. A result does not take into account certain potential specificities of the establishment’s public or its characteristics. Similarly, they do not necessarily predict the future levels of success of students obtaining their baccalaureate.
letelegramme Fr Trans