The State services justify these new “exemptions” from the ban on the destruction of protected species by the fact that this “sociable” bird which “fears little enough of humans” causes damage to the crops of Breton farmers. “Often, it is organic farmers who are the first victims: their plants are slower to rise and do not contain insecticides”, underlined a representative of the prefecture of Morbihan.
But the two associations rely on the results of a “very clear” study commissioned by the Regional Directorate for the Environment, Planning and Housing (Dréal) of Brittany published in March 2022 and which “questions the relevance destructions” of this corvid “which has only one annual egg-laying” and whose “young are reared by the males”.
The consequences of these slaughters are therefore “irreversible”, repeated the lawyer for One Voice: these “illegal” prefectural decrees provide for a “very large” slaughter period which goes “until March 2023” in Finistère.
From a formal point of view, the too “general” information communicated to the population by the State services “lacks concrete data” to be able to form an “enlightened” opinion on the file. “They do not make it possible to characterize the imputability of the damage to the jackdaws: it could be black crows”, points out One Voice.
The Breton prefectures did not take into account “satisfactory alternative solutions” either, such as “iron wires stretched” above the sowing fields, “the installation of wire netting on the chimneys” or the “limitation of access to a food resource. Nor has it “not been demonstrated” that the simple “scaring” of birds would be “ineffective”.
“500 years of scientific literature”
But the laying of wires “over several hectares” is “utopian”, replied on this point a representative of the prefecture of Morbihan. A kill target of 1,800 jackdaws is a “moderate” number, he said. “The damage is forcing farmers to sow, re-sow and even re-re-sow,” he insisted.
“Three years ago, Bretagne Vivante [autre association de protection animale, NDLR] has won its case concerning a similar judgment and we have drawn the consequences: everything is now done in coordination with local and regional associations”, said the representative of the State services at the hearing of the administrative court of reindeer.
Still, the data from Crow Life and One Voice are based on “500 years of scientific literature” and “more than 10,000 scientific articles”, according to a representative of the first association. “There is a widespread idea that the jackdaw has no predators, but it is false: there are cats,” she cited as an example.
The judge in chambers of the administrative court of Rennes, who has reserved her decision, will issue her order in the coming days.
letelegramme Fr Trans