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Hurricane Fiona: Canadian Hurricane History

Hurricane season is often associated with tropical regions, but Atlantic Canada is no stranger to these extreme weather events that in the past left thousands without power, caused millions of damages and even claimed lives. .

Hurricane Fiona is the next storm that has the potential to be a watermark event in Canada, according to Environment Canada meteorologist Jim Prime.

“One thing we usually say at the Canadian Hurricane Center is that it only takes one storm to really have a bad season and here we are: the first major hurricane of the season and it’s coming to Atlantic Canada Prime told CTVNews. that in an interview on Thursday.

Prime said every storm recorded throughout history is different and can impact areas that haven’t been impacted before, which is why it’s important for residents to stay alert and prepared.

Here is an overview of some major hurricanes that have made landfall in Canada and their impact.


Known as Canada’s deadliest hurricane to date, the 1775 hurricane claimed more than 4,000 lives as it swept through the British colony of Newfoundland on September 9, 247 years ago.

The Category 4 hurricane claimed the lives of most sailors at sea, sinking several fishing boats and two British Navy vessels, according to the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). There were also reports of rising water levels reaching land between 6.5 and 10 meters high.


Parts of eastern Canada faced destruction from Hurricane Galveston which began its track from Cuba as a tropical storm and became a Category 4 hurricane by the time it made landfall in Galveston, in Texas. On September 11, 1900, it became an extratropical cyclone as it crossed the Great Lakes and southeastern Canada where an estimated 52 to 232 lives were lost, according to Environment Canada.

In the epicenter, tides are reported to have reached up to 4.5 meters and more than 8,000 people have been killed in the United States, marking the deadliest weather disaster in US history.


One of the oldest hurricanes still remembered today is Hurricane Hazel, which struck southern Ontario on October 5, 1954. Hazel’s impact was felt strongly as winds ranging up to 110 km/h and 85 mm of rain washed away houses, streets, and bridges.

The Category 4 hurricane made its way from the Caribbean to the mid-Atlantic states before becoming a Category 1 hurricane when it reached the Toronto area. Nonetheless, its powerful impact at the time left 81 people dead, thousands homeless and reportedly caused damage estimated at $100 million.


A major hurricane returned to the Maritimes as Hurricane Juan on September 29, 2003. The Category 2 storm made landfall in Nova Scotia before moving into Prince Edward Island as a marginal hurricane, according to Environment Canada. Average wind speeds reached 158 km/h and 25 to 40 mm of rain was reported in the Halifax area.

Eight people were killed in Canada and an estimated 50 to 100 million trees fell in Nova Scotia in less than two hours. Hundreds of people in both provinces lost power and residents of Nova Scotia were left in the dark for nearly two weeks.


On September 20, 2010, Hurricane Igor passed Bermuda before being tracked off Canada’s Avalon Peninsula, where it unexpectedly continued to move further north to reach the east of Earth. -New.

The storm recorded winds reaching up to 140 km/h and at one point 172 km/h at Cape Pine in southeast NL. There was also one reported fatality, one person swept away by the floods.


One of the most recent weather disasters in Canada was Category 2 Hurricane Dorian, which made landfall in Atlantic Canada on September 7, 2019.

The storm wreaked havoc as a Category 5 hurricane in the Bahamas before becoming a post-tropical cyclone when it reached the Maritime provinces and even parts of Quebec, according to NOAA. Wind speeds were estimated at 155 km/h and the Insurance Bureau of Canada reported more than $105 million in insured damage, most of which was reported by the hardest-hit province, Nova Scotia. .

Prime said Hurricane Fiona has a similar track to Dorian, which “had very strong winds, heavy rains and impacted New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward and Newfoundland, which is also going to happen with this system.”

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