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Human remains taken by British colonialists as ‘trophies’ to be returned to Zimbabwe


https://sputniknews.com/20221030/human-remains-taken-by-british-colonialists-as-trophies-to-be-returned-to-zimbabwe-1102840027.html

Human remains taken by British colonialists as ‘trophies’ to be returned to Zimbabwe

Human remains taken by British colonialists as ‘trophies’ to be returned to Zimbabwe

The colonial era in Zimbabwe spanned from 1890 to the 1960s. The British South Africa Company of British diamond tycoon Cecil Rhodes began operating there in… 30.10.2022, Sputnik International

2022-10-30T08:57+0000

2022-10-30T08:57+0000

2022-10-30T08:57+0000

Africa

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Zimbabwe

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british colonialism

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The Natural History Museum in London and the University of Cambridge have agreed to cooperate with Harare to repatriate human remains of Zimbabwean origin that were seized during colonial times. The statement follows negotiations between the delegation of the Zimbabwe with officials from both institutions.Zimbabweans are searching for the skulls of late 19th century anti-colonial leaders who were taken to Britain as trophies during the uprising against British rule in the 1890s. One of these “heroes” is Charwe Nyakashikana, better known as Mbuya (grandmother) Nehanda, medium of the revered ancestral spirit of Nehanda, symbol of the anti-colonial struggle. She was arrested and executed by hanging after being accused of killing a British civil servant. It is assumed that after the hanging, Nehanda was beheaded. While going through the archives, the Natural History Museum found the remains of 11 people “who appear to be from Zimbabwe”, but its archives do not link them to Nehanda. The find, however, is said to include three skulls believed to have been taken from Zimbabwe’s second city of Bulawayo in 1893. Cambridge University’s Duckworth Laboratory was not as specific, simply stating that it had “a small number of human remains from Zimbabwe”. In colonial times, the British took the skulls of the dead and even dug them up from their graves, either as trophies or for research into the pseudoscience of phrenology, which was popular in Europe in the 19th century. Phrenology explored the idea that there is a connection between the human psyche and the surface structure of its skull. Phrenological societies used to collect skulls to develop their theory, which some extended to racial classification. Some researchers intended to prove that people in certain parts of the world had skull shapes determining them as inferior. Today, there is a three-meter statue in memory of Nedhanda in the center of Harare, Zimbabwe’s capital, where she was executed. When unveiled in 2021, President Emmerson Mnangagwa pledged to continue working to return his skull and the skulls of other national heroes.

https://sputniknews.com/20221028/era-of-colonization-is-over-nigerian-activist-says-1102792734.html

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The colonial era in Zimbabwe spanned from 1890 to the 1960s. The British South Africa Company of British diamond magnate Cecil Rhodes began operating there in the 1880s. In 1898 the area of ​​present-day Zimbyabwa was named Rhodesia in honor of Cecil Rhodes.

The Natural History Museum in London and the University of Cambridge have agreed to cooperate with Harare to repatriate human remains of Zimbabwean origin seized during colonial times.The statement follows negotiations between the Zimbabwean delegation and the heads of the two institutions.

Zimbabweans seek the skulls of late 19th century anti-colonial leaders who were taken to Britain as trophies during the uprising against British rule in the 1890s.

One of these “heroes” is Charwe Nyakashikana, better known as Mbuya (grandmother) Nehanda, medium of the revered ancestral spirit of Nehanda, symbol of the anti-colonial struggle. She was arrested and executed by hanging after being accused of killing a British civil servant. It is assumed that after the hanging, Nehanda was beheaded.
French soldiers from Barkhane arriving from Gao, Mali, disembark a US Air Force C130 cargo plane at the base in Niamey, Niger, Wednesday, June 9, 2021, before returning to their bases in France.  - Sputnik International, 1920, 28.10.2022

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Sifting through the records, the Natural History Museum found the remains of 11 people “who appear to be from Zimbabwe”, but its records do not link them to Nehanda. The find, however, is said to include three skulls believed to have been taken from Zimbabwe’s second city of Bulawayo in 1893. Cambridge University’s Duckworth Laboratory was not as specific, simply stating that it has “a small number of human remains from Zimbabwe”.

In colonial times, the British took the skulls of the dead and even dug them up from their graves, either as trophies or for research into the pseudoscience of phrenology, which was popular in Europe in the 19th century. Phrenology explored the idea that there is a connection between the human psyche and the surface structure of its skull.

Phrenological societies collected skulls to develop their theory, which some extended to racial classification. Some researchers intended to prove that people from certain parts of the world had skull shapes determining them as inferior.

Today, there is a three-meter statue in memory of Nedhanda in the center of Harare, Zimbabwe’s capital, where she was executed. At his unveiling in 2021, President Emmerson Mnangagwa pledged to continue working to return his skull and the skulls of other national heroes.



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