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How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid


Even without a $20 billion military aid proposal the Senate is considering, the United States is already the largest donor of military aid to Ukraine as it defends itself against a Russian invasion.

On Monday, President Biden called on Congress to approve the proposal, saying the money for shipments to Ukraine should run out in 10 days.

The latest package, part of a nearly $40 billion aid bill, goes beyond arms shipments and represents a long-term commitment to U.S. involvement in the war. The money would also be used to increase the production of US weapons stocks to replenish the large amount of weapons already sent to Ukraine.


Help approved by the

House of Representatives

4.4

European

Ordered

Operations

6

Ukraine

Security

Assistance

Initiative

Includes weapons

and training

8.7

Replenishment

US stocks

0.6

Defense

Production Law

0.05

Ammunition and

Exportability fund

Source: foreign assistance.gov

How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

Help approved by the

House of Representatives

6

Ukraine

Security

Assistance

Initiative

Includes weapons

and training

8.7

Replenishment

US stocks

4.4

European

Ordered

Operations

0.6

Defense

Production Law

0.05

Ammunition and

Exportability fund

Source: foreign assistance.gov

How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

Help approved by the

House of Representatives

6

Ukrainian security

Aid initiative

Includes weapons

and training

8.7

Replenishment

US stocks

4.4

European

Ordered

Operations

0.6

Defense

Production Law

0.05

Ammunition and

Exportability fund

Source: foreign assistance.gov

How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

Help approved by the

House of Representatives

6

Ukrainian security

Aid initiative

Includes weapons and training

8.7

Replenishment

US stocks

4.4

European

Ordered

Operations

0.6

Defense

Production Law

0.05

Ammunition and

Exportability fund

Source: foreign assistance.gov

[West sees race against time in Ukraine as Russia advances]

Rising military spending, along with a recent decision to send more advanced equipment, point to a recognition that the war could drag on, experts said.

“We used to provide aid packages every week or two to avoid defeat,” said Mark Cancian, senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. “But then we realized that this thing could go on for quite a while.”

Cancian noted that the budget approved by the House goes until the end of the fiscal year, suggesting that the war could last at least four more months.

The figures in perspective

Every year, the United States spends billions of dollars to finance the armies of partner countries, including Israel and Jordan. But in less than three months, commitments to Ukraine exceeded those numbers. If the Senate passes the package, the pledge will eclipse annual US military assistance to its closest partners.


How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

US military aid to other countries

Israel received the most aid from the United States in fiscal year 2020, the latest data available.

Ukraine

Since

February 24

to May 6

Source: foreign assistance.gov

How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

US military aid to other countries

Israel received the most aid from the United States in fiscal year 2020, the latest data available.

Ukraine

Since

February 24

to May 6

Source: foreign assistance.gov

How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

US military aid to other countries

Israel received the most aid from the United States in fiscal year 2020, the latest data available.

Ukraine

From February 24

to May 6

Source: foreign assistance.gov

Analysts see military aid from the West as vital to Ukraine’s success against a much larger adversary.

“If the United States and other countries had not sent lethal aid from the start, Ukraine would have been overwhelmed from the start and the Ukrainian government would now be a Russian puppet,” Cancian said. “Because militaries in combat need a continuous supply of ammunition and equipment to replace losses, the United States and other nations needed to continue the flow of supplies.”

Aid accounts for more than half of Ukraine’s military budget last year. By some estimates, the nearly $20 billion increase would bring the US contribution to almost a third of Russia’s annual military budget, although some analysts estimate that Moscow is spending up to $200 billion on its military, although more than the official figures.


How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

Military

spent

in 2021

US military aid

sent to Ukraine

Approved by

the House

$20 billion

U.S. military aid since

the start of the war

Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

Military

spent

in 2021

US military aid

sent to Ukraine

Approved by

the House

$20 billion

U.S. military aid since

the start of the war

Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

Military

spent

in 2021

US Army

help sent to

Ukraine

US military aid

from the beginning

of the war

Approved by

the House

$20 billion

Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

Military

spent

in 2021

US Army

help sent to

Ukraine

US military aid

from the beginning

of the war

Approved by

the House

$20 billion

Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

The evolution of war

As warfare has changed, so have the weapons supplied by the United States. At first, when a convoy of Russian vehicles headed for kyiv, American assistance included anti-tank weapons, including Javelin missiles. These weapons lock onto a target’s thermal profile and can hit a tank top-down or top-down.

[What to know about the Javelin antitank missiles in Ukraine]


How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

Areas under Russian control before and after

the refoulement of kyiv

Sources: Institute for the Study of War,

AEI Critical Threat Project, Publication of Reports

Russia pushed

back from Kyiv

On March 16 package, the United States sent Ukraine 2,000 Javelin anti-tank missiles.

On April 13 package, the United States sent Ukraine 18 howitzers, a long-range weapon.

How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

Areas under Russian control before and after

the refoulement of kyiv

Sources: Institute for the Study of War,

AEI Critical Threat Project, Publication of Reports

Russia pushed

back from Kyiv

On March 16 package, the United States sent Ukraine 2,000 Javelin anti-tank missiles.

On April 13 package, the United States sent Ukraine 18 howitzers, a long-range weapon.

How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

Areas under Russian control before and after

the refoulement of kyiv

Sources: Institute for the Study of War, AEI Critical Threats Project, Post report

What the United States

sent to Ukraine

Russia pushed

back from Kyiv

On March 16 package, the United States sent Ukraine 2,000 Javelin anti-tank missiles.

On April 13 package, the United States sent Ukraine 18 howitzers, long-range weapons.

After logistical and military failures shattered Moscow’s plans to seize the Ukrainian capital, Russia shifted its focus to the east and the United States began sending in long-range artillery suited to the open ground battles. US-supplied howitzers are heavy guns that fire artillery shells up to 24 miles.

[Western artillery surging into Ukraine will reshape war with Russia]

More could have been done faster, said Bradley Bowman, senior director of the Center on Military and Political Power at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. “The main shift I’ve seen is kind of a hesitation and excessive delay in assist before the invasion to really agility and creativity after.”

Cancian noted that while early weapon shipments included javelins, which require at most two people to operate, new shipments included dozens of howitzers, which require at least five people. Howitzer training for Ukrainian troops began last month.

“There was a recognition, I think, that time was available,” he said.


How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

Before and now:

how are the main weapons sent by the United States used?

The mounted on the shoulder Anti-Tank Javelin The missile system can be used by a crew of two or even a single soldier and is capable of disabling an armored vehicle up to 2½ miles away.

the M777 and M198 missile systems the United States send weigh 7,500 pounds and 15,772 pounds and need five to nine soldiers for surgery. They can reach up to 24.9 miles and 14 miles. The United States has sent nearly 200 howitzers since April 13.

Sources: Federation of American Scientists;

US Department of Defense; GlobalSecurity.org

How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

Before and now:

how are the main weapons sent by the United States used?

The mounted on the shoulder Anti-Tank Javelin The missile system can be used by a crew of two or even a single soldier and is capable of disabling an armored vehicle up to 2½ miles away.

the M777 and M198 missile systems the United States send weigh 7,500 pounds and 15,772 pounds and need five to nine soldiers for surgery. They can reach up to 24.9 miles and 14 miles. The United States has sent nearly 200 howitzers since April 13.

Sources: Federation of American Scientists;

US Department of Defense; GlobalSecurity.org

How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

Before and now:

how are the main weapons sent by the United States used?

The mounted on the shoulder Anti-Tank Javelin The missile system can be used by a crew of two or even a single soldier and is capable of disabling an armored vehicle up to 2½ miles away.

the M777 and M198 missile systems the United States send weigh 7,500 pounds and 15,772 pounds and need five to nine soldiers for surgery. They can reach up to 24.9 miles and 14 miles. The United States has sent nearly 200 howitzers since April 13.

Sources: Federation of American Scientists;

US Department of Defense; GlobalSecurity.org

How Ukraine overtook Israel to become the top recipient of US military aid

Before and now:

how are the main weapons sent by the United States used?

the M777 and M198 missile systems the United States send weigh 7,500 pounds and 15,772 pounds and need five to nine soldiers for surgery. They can reach up to 24.9 miles and 14 miles. The United States has sent nearly 200 howitzers since April 13.

The mounted on the shoulder Anti-Tank Javelin The missile system can be used by a crew of two or even a single soldier and is capable of disabling an armored vehicle up to 2½ miles away.

Sources: Federation of American Scientists;

US Department of Defense; GlobalSecurity.org

As Western weapons continue to flow into Ukraine, Russia’s ally Belarus is also stepping up its involvement in the war. Belarusian Armed Forces Chief of Staff Viktor Gulevich said on Tuesday that the army would send special forces to its border with Ukraine because “the United States and its allies continue to increase their military presence at state borders.

Alex Horton and William Neff contributed to this report.

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