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Dutch military used ‘extreme and widespread violence’ in Indonesia – report – RT World News

Panel releases findings of historical review of Dutch actions during Asian nation’s War of Independence

A historical review revealed that the Dutch military “used extreme violence” tolerated by the government during Indonesia’s struggle for independence in the 1940s, the panel of experts involved in the research said Thursday.

The behavior of the Dutch state and military throughout the 1945-1949 war as Indonesians fought for independence from colonial power was exposed in a major review that was conducted over the last years. Carried out by a panel of academics and experts, the study was funded by the Dutch government in 2017.

In issuing a summary of the findings, the panel said it found that the Dutch military had behaved in a manner rooted in a “colonial mentality” and noted: “It is evident that at all levels the Dutch undoubtedly applied different standards to colonial ‘subjects’.”

Dutch military used ‘extreme and widespread violence’ in Indonesia – report – RT World News

“The Dutch armed forces have used extreme violence in a frequent and structural way, in the form of extrajudicial executions, ill-treatment and torture, detention in inhumane conditions”, he stated.

Among the summary findings of the review, the army was accused of having “burn down” buildings and entire villages, as well as driving “mass arrests and mass internments” and “disproportionate air raids and artillery bombardments.”

The Dutch government had not previously carried out a full assessment of its country’s actions; in 1969, the government of the day found that its forces had generally performed well in Indonesia – which the New Review said was an untenable position to hold.

The Netherlands agreed in 2020 to provide €5,000 ($5,600) in compensation to descendants of Indonesians killed in the War of Independence, following a 2013 deal with some of the widows of victims of the war. the army.

Also in 2020, King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands issued an apology for the Dutch military “excessive violence” during the conflict. “In line with previous statements by my government, I would like to express my regret and apologize for the excessive violence on the part of the Dutch during these years,” the monarch said at the time.

“The past cannot be erased and will have to be recognized by each generation in turn.”

Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte’s government is expected to respond to the review later on Thursday.

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