The Senate adopted, Wednesday, July 21, the bill called “3DS”, for differentiation, decentralization, deconcentration and simplification of public action. It was voted by a majority of 242 votes against 92. The Republicans party (LR, 148 senators out of 348) voted in favor of the text. “Yes, we are going to vote it, we have largely transformed it, confided a few hours before the election Bruno Retailleau, president of the LR group in the Senate. The project presented by the government was very modest. We gave him some pep. “
The text is a consequence of the “yellow vests” movement. The President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron, then promised “A new act of decentralization”. But the text presented at first reading to the Senate had more modest ambitions. The government recognized it itself, like many senators. Eric Kerrouche, elected socialist of the Landes, evoked “A pothole project” lacking“A spine” : “It’s great to fix potholes on the road. The problem is, it only fixes things that are disturbing, but that don’t give perspective. “
The bill, presented to the Council of Ministers on May 12, has evolved a lot in the course of discussions between the Senate and the government. From 84 articles, it rose to 205. ” The results are very positive, confided the entourage of the Minister of territorial cohesion and relations with local authorities, Jacqueline Gourault, Tuesday, July 20. We worked with the Senate in a very good and peaceful atmosphere. We have accepted a lot of amendments. The text is richer. “
More flexibility for mayors
It contains many specific provisions, in addition to “differentiation” (local elected representatives will be able to adapt their actions more freely to local realities). Thus, the Solidarity and Urban Renewal Law, which requires certain cities to have a minimum number of social housing units, is perpetuated beyond 2025. Senate and government have agreed to give mayors more flexibility depending on local situations. However, the senators have softened, or even removed, certain sanctions provided for the latter. The initial project will therefore probably be reinstated in the National Assembly.
In some rural areas and in priority areas of the city, communities will be able to recover abandoned housing after ten years, instead of thirty. National roads will also be transferred to departments and regions, but within the framework of an eight-year experiment for them.
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