The land borders between Morocco and the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla have reopened for the first time in more than two years.
Lines of people and traffic gathered in Tarajal and Beni Enzar to watch the reopening at midnight.
The EU’s only land borders with Africa have long been closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic and a diplomatic crisis between Madrid and Rabat.
The crossings were initially limited to European Schengen area residents without passports and their family members and will be extended to cross-border workers by the end of May.
Melilla regional president Eduardo de Castro told Spanish public radio RNE that restoring customs controls could take “several months”.
Ferry traffic between the two neighboring countries resumed several weeks ago on April 12.
Spain and Morocco have moved to restore relations after a years-long dispute over the disputed region of Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony annexed by Morocco in 1976.
The row escalated when Madrid allowed the leader of the Western Sahara independence movement to be being treated for COVID-19 in a Spanish hospital.
In retaliation, Morocco appeared to ease border controls in Ceuta in May 2021, allowing thousands of migrants to cross into Spain.
But tensions began to thaw earlier this year after Spain backed Morocco’s plan to grant more autonomy to Western Sahara.
The local economies on either side of the barriers depend heavily on the passage of goods and workers.