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Armenia, Azerbaijan agree EU mission on border — RT World News

The European Council is preparing to launch a two-month civilian operation to demarcate the disputed border between the two countries

The EU will launch a two-month civilian mission to define the border between Armenia and Azerbaijan, in a bid to resolve a long-standing dispute, according to a European Council statement released on Friday.

Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev and Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan met Thursday in Prague at the invitation of French President Emanuel Macron and European Council President Charles Michel. Both leaders confirmed their commitment to recognize each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty in accordance with the United Nations Charter and the 1991 Alma Ata Declaration.

“There was an agreement by Armenia to facilitate an EU civilian mission along the border with Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan has agreed to cooperate with this mission as far as it is concerned,” the board announcement reads.

The text explains that the civilian mission, which aims to “building trust” and “contribute to border commissions” will be sent to the Armenia-Azerbaijan border later this month and will last a maximum of two months.

The dispute stems from a decades-old territorial dispute over the Nagorno-Karabakh region, located in predominantly Muslim Azerbaijan but mostly populated by Christian Armenians. Yerevan has supported the region’s independence since it sought to break away from Bakus rule in the early 1990s.

Tensions between the two former Soviet republics erupted into all-out war in 2020 that lasted 44 days, ending in a Russian-brokered ceasefire. Last month, however, fighting erupted again as Armenia accused Azerbaijan of launching cross-border artillery and drone strikes. Baku insisted it was only responding to “Provocation” from Yerevan.

More than 200 people were killed in the fighting before Baku “unilaterally” offered a “humanitarian ceasefire” saying he was not interested in aggravating or further destabilizing the situation, while Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan appealed to the CSTO for military assistance, saying Azerbaijani troops had seized parts of the territory from his country.

The CSTO refused to send its forces to the Armenia-Azerbaijan border, insisting on solving the problem through political and diplomatic methods. The bloc’s Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Anatoly Sidorov, said any further decision would be based on the results of a joint mission sent by the organization to Armenia.

rt Gt

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