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Under the guise of anti-terrorism, has the French state turned a blind eye to, or even facilitated, arbitrary executions perpetrated by the Egyptian regime so that it buys tricolor weapons? This seems to be demonstrated by the disclosure of hundreds of documents classified by the NGO Disclose, in partnership with Télérama and the France 2 magazine Complément d’Enquête, broadcast this Thursday evening.

According to these investigations, Egypt would have diverted intelligence resources, provided by France to fight terrorism, to target civilians suspected of trafficking with Libya. French forces would have been involved in at least 19 bombings, between 2016 and 2018, causing dozens of deaths. Warned of this hijacking on multiple occasions by the Military Intelligence Directorate, the authorities would have let it happen. In 2014, they also authorized three French industrialists to supply Egypt with surveillance equipment intended to create “an Egyptian NSA”. The information provided by this high-tech material would have enabled the arrest of opponents, as well as members of the LGBT community.

In hollow, these documents describe an “idyll”, born after the coup d’état which brought Marshal Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to power in July 2013. One of the most repressive regimes in the world. According to the US State Department, 65,000 opponents are languishing in his jails and 3,000 others have “disappeared”. Started under the Holland era, these privileged relationships continued under Emmanuel Macron. At the end of 2020, the French president awarded the Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor to his counterpart, six months before an additional order for 30 Rafale aircraft.

Hyphen between the two five-year terms: Jean-Yves Le Drian. The Minister of Foreign Affairs is suspected of being the architect of this “arms diplomacy”, intended to favor French suppliers to meet the equipment needs of the new regime and to consolidate its power. As attested by parliamentary reports, Egyptian orders exploded from July 2013 to reach, in 2015, more than 5 billion euros. That year, Egypt became France’s second customer after Qatar. Contacted, Jean-Yves Le Drian did not follow up. The Minister of the Armed Forces has announced the opening of an internal investigation.

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