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It is a last stand in the face of what he considers to be an American diktat on the future of his country. The Afghan President, Ashraf Ghani, made public, Wednesday, April 7, the details of the alternative peace plan that he intends to oppose, in mid-April, to Washington’s proposals during a meeting scheduled in Turkey, in the presence of the Taliban.

This project must, he says, ensure that “Only the Afghan people will determine their future leader. No one can designate the future leader of Afghanistan from the outside, it is our right, the principle of our Constitution and the desire of our nation ”. Between a personal strategy of political survival and a kick from the ass of an executive that the Americans consider responsible for a stalled peace dialogue, it is one more obstacle that is erected in the face of the final departure of the troops. American.

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This new peace offer comes, in fact, when the United States already submitted, at the beginning of April, to the belligerent Afghans a plan to end the crisis which, in substance and form, had sounded like a snub for the regime. Kabul. In a threatening style, suggesting that this endless war was in part attributable to Mr. Ghani himself, the head of American diplomacy, Antony Blinken, dictated to the Afghan head of state the way forward for the coming months. . It laid down, in particular, the obligation to form an interim government associating the Kabul regime and the Taliban.

Difficult withdrawal at 1er may

For his part, Mr. Ghani considers unacceptable the idea of ​​a transitional government that is not the result of an electoral consultation. “I would only accept an administration elected by the people”, he assured, adding that he was ready to organize a presidential election in the next six months, while specifying that he would not participate.

The elections would take place after “A political agreement with the Taliban and a ceasefire monitored by other countries”. It was only at the end of this consultation, to which the Taliban would be invited to join, that a “Government of peace” would be formed to build a national unity program to put the country back on its feet, backing it to a new constitution.

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The Taliban, meanwhile, have always said they are opposed to any type of election. The only basis for discussion, they believe, is the pre-peace agreement they signed on February 29, 2020, in Doha, Qatar, with the Americans alone. This text specified, in particular, that Washington and NATO undertook to withdraw all of their troops by 1er May 2021, a date that today seems very difficult to keep in view of the time needed to organize, in the logistics field, the departure of nearly 10,000 men and their equipment.

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