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Two weeks after the legislative elections, the executive carried out its first ministerial reshuffle on Monday, appointing a “Borne 2” government responsible for carrying out the reforms desired by Emmanuel Macron. But against a background of a fragmented Assembly, the enlargement a time advanced by the Head of State, by integrating representatives of other parties, ultimately did not take place.
No thunderous warfare, no shattering betrayal within the opposition. The new government of Elisabeth Borne, if it is partly renewed, offers few surprises. “The new government remains centered around the figures of Macronie, estimates Bruno Cautrès, researcher at the CNRS and teacher at the Political Research Center of Sciences Po (Cevipof). As much as we had seen the arrival within the government of 2017 of emblematic figures of the center – right, as much today, the personalities who make their entrance are known only to people who follow political news closely.
In other words, “the attempt to widen the composition of the government by integrating representatives of other parties did not work”, asserts for his part Emmanuel Rivière, professor at Sciences Po. not been able to give the necessary pledges to the opposition? Still, the new composition of the government rather reflects a strengthening of ties with the Horizons and MoDem allies.
>> To see, our trombinoscope of the new government team
Special attention for the territories
The only novelty to highlight: “The attention paid to the territories through the appointment of certain mayors of large cities, such as Christophe Béchu in Angers or Caroline Cayeux in Beauvais”, continues the political scientist.
More surprisingly on the form, on the other hand, there was no announcement on the steps of the Élysée. “We did not actually attend the classic reading of the list of names given by the secretary general of the Élysée, underlines Bruno Cautrès. This gives the feeling that the executive has sought to minimize, to deflate the issue for present it as a simple technical adjustment without giving it a political meaning.”
Parity respected but few women ministers
As for the parity of this new government, which has 21 men and 21 women (including the head of government), it is generally respected. Small flat all the same, women are more represented in the posts of Secretaries of State. The government, if it is held by a woman, has in fact eleven men and five women full-time ministers. In addition to Catherine Colonna, there are Sylvie Retailleau (Higher Education and Research), Agnès Pannier-Runacher (Energy Transition), Rima Abdul-Malak (Culture) and Amélie Oudéa-Castéra (Sports and Olympic and Paralympic Games). There are also nine men and six women among the delegate ministers, and only one man against nine women at the rank of state secretaries.
The sovereign ministries are also essentially in the hands of men: Bruno Le Maire in the Economy, Gérald Darmanin in the Interior, Éric Dupond-Moretti in Justice and Sébastien Lecornu in the Armies. Only Catherine Colonna, fourth in the order of protocol and Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, has a sovereign portfolio.
Among the notable entries, there is that of Christophe Béchu, until now Minister Delegate for Local Authorities, who inherits the Ministry of Ecological Transition, portfolio briefly occupied by Amélie de Montchalin, beaten in the legislative elections. This close friend of Édouard Philippe embodies the Macron-compatible right wing of the government. Remained discreet on environmental issues until now, his appointment to the Ecological Transition has already earned him criticism from the opposition. “Never met Christophe Béchu on the slightest environmental struggle”, tackled the environmentalist Sandrine Rousseau on Twitter when she mentioned her surname. “He is sensitive to the themes of ecology, biodiversity, housing and transport, and he measures all the delay”, assured for his part to AFP Matthieu Orphelin, ex-head of the list of the left bloc at the regional level in Pays de la Loire. Now he will have to go and win the arbitrations.”
The task is immense, I undertake to deploy all my energy to implement a concrete ecological policy adapted to the territories.
— Christophe Bechu (@ChristopheBechu) July 4, 2022
The new government team is also made up of members of civil society such as Jean-Christophe Combe, head of the Red Cross, who replaces Damien Abad, ousted from the government due to accusations of sexual assault and rape. The doctor François Braun enters the Ministry of Health, in place of Brigitte Bourguignon, beaten in the legislative elections. Judging on Monday the “health system […] out of breath” and “sick” emergencies, the former head of the Metz emergency department has the delicate mission of getting the public hospital out of the crisis it has been going through for several years.
Honored by the trust placed in me by @EmmanuelMacron and @Elisabeth_Borne. Very happy to now work with @BrunoLeMaire as Minister Delegate in charge of the Digital Transition and Telecommunications. At work !
— Jean-Noel Barrot (@jnbarrot) July 4, 2022
Also among the newcomers are the chief economist of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Laurence Boone, who becomes Secretary of State for Europe in replacement of Clément Beaune, who leaves for Transport, and the various left mayor of Clichy-sous-Bois (Seine-Saint-Denis) Olivier Klein, appointed Minister Delegate for the City and Housing. The former prefect Jean-François Carenco has been appointed Minister Delegate for Overseas Territories to Gérald Darmanin (Interior), replacing Yaël Braun-Pivet, elected President of the National Assembly at the end of June. It is also the return of former ministers like Marlène Schiappa, appointed Secretary of State for the Social and Solidarity Economy and Associative Life, or Franck Riester, in charge of Relations with Parliament.
Not surprisingly either, the opposition fired red balls at the new government team. At the National Rally, MP and former presidential candidate Marine Le Pen lamented on Twitter that “those who failed are all reappointed”. The president of the group La France insoumise in the National Assembly Mathilde Panot saw it as the “recruitment galley” of the macronie while the spokesman of the Communist Party, Ian Brossat, criticized a “new game of musical chairs”. Remaining more discreet, the Les Républicains party, through the voice of MP Pierre-Henri Dumont, simply judged that this was a “government that looks more like the end of a reign than the start of a five-year term. “.